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AHC Research Guides link to a Mexican American Bibliography pdf file link to Preservation Links link to WhereDo We Go from Here? link to a Real Property Information Sources pdf file link to a Oakwood Cemetary Resources pdf file link to Edwards Aquifer Collection link to Current Information link to Census Information link to Charles Whitman Resources link to Biographical Sources link to African American Sources link to African American Sources link to Women's Resource Guide

Listed below are the Austin History Center's sources for demographic and census information for Austin and Travis County. Be sure to also consult our Census and Demographic Links.


1820 - 1836

The First Census of Texas, 1829-1836: To Which are Added Texas Citizenship Lists, 1821-1845, and Other Early Records of the Republic of Texas
This census of the first citizens of Texas began in 1829 and continued for seven years. Many Mexican families are included and are by municipality. The original of this fragmentary census is at the Texas State Library and Archives Commission.


1840

The 1840 Census of the Republic of Texas
This census was compiled from manuscript tax rolls brought together by county "assessors" when Texas was a struggling young nation.


1850

The State of Texas Federal Population Schedules; Seventh Census of the United States, 1850
This schedule enumerates individuals listing their occupation, family members, sex, and ages. Slave schedules are separate.

Statistical View of the United States: Embracing Its Territory, Population-White, Free Colored, and Slave-Moral and Social Condition, Industry, Property, and Revenue; the Detailed Statistics of Cities, Towns and Counties


1860

8th Census, 1860, Texas
Microfilm copy of the original population census taken in longhand.

Travis County, Texas: The Five Schedules of the 1860 Federal Census... & Maps of Travis County
This volume contains sample reproductions of each schedule and a map of Travis County, Texas. The five schedules include Population, Slave, Mortality, Agriculture, and Products of Industry.

8th Census, 1860, Texas, Slave Schedule
Microfilm copy of the original population census, slave schedule.


1870 - 1880

Population Schedules of the 9th Census of the U.S., 1870: Texas, Titus, Travis, Trinity, and Tyler Counties
Microfilm only.

Schedule of Inhabitants in the City of Austin, County of Travis, State of Texas
Volume I: Summary race, sex, marital status.
Volume II: Individual enumeration. City-wide census for 1875. Lists occupations and addresses.

1880 - 1890

Population Schedules of the 10th Census of the U. S., 1880; Texas; Titus, Travis, Trinity, Tyler, Upshur, and Uvalde Counties
Microfilm only.

Every Name Index to the 1880 Travis County, Texas Federal Census, 10th Census, 1880
Index to the 1880 Federal Census created to fill the void created by omissions in the Soundex for the decennial year of 1880. The census was officially recorded as 27,028 and this compilation contains 26,900 entries.

1890 Travis County, Texas Census: Uniquely Reconstructed & Annotated
The original census was destroyed in 1921. This compilation is derived from the 1890 Travis County, Texas Tax List. The only men exempt from this Tax List were Indians, persons insane, blind, deaf & dumb, or those who had lost one hand or one foot.


1900 - 1940

12th Census of Population, 1900: Texas, Vol. 102: Travis County
Microfilm only. No index.

13th Census of Population, 1910: Texas: Travis County
Microfilm only. No index.

1920 Census (Federal): Texas
Microfilm only. No index.

1930 Census (Federal): Texas
Microfilm only. No index.

Population Mobility in Austin, Texas: 1929-1931
Demographic study based on a plan approved by the Bureau of the Census with one chapter devoted to characteristics of Austin census tracts.

Population Statistics for Census Tracts, 1940: Austin, Texas
Based on the 16th Census of the United States showing 14 tracts and mapping them; covering race, nativity, and age; school completion levels; employment status; and occupation and class of worker tables.

Population and Housing Statistics for Census Tracts: Austin, Texas
This bulletin contains maps of the city by 1940 Census tracts and contains a number of tables including: Population by race and nativity; age, race, and sex; years of school completed; employment status. Nonwhite population tables include population by years of school completed; employment status, and country of birth. Other tables concern housing.

Housing: Supplement to the First Series Housing Bulletin for Texas, Austin
Tables show characteristics for the city, characteristics of housing for census tracts by blocks, plus 14 maps. The data and the maps include nonwhite households.

Population Studies: Austin, Texas
This is a listing from an unidentified source that lists by tracts the number of people per acre in Austin, Texas. Tables include tabulation by structures, population by sex, populations by worker type, and Negro population. Of note are data showing the "East Side" expansion requirements for the Negro population.

Census Tract Street Directory, Austin, Texas


1950 - 1960

Census Tract Street Directory, Austin, Texas
Volumes for 1951, 1953, 1955.

County Business Patterns: 1st Quarter 1951; Part 8. West South Central States
Reports employment and taxable payrolls by industry groups. West South Central States include Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

United States Census of Population: 1950. Census Tract Statistics, Austin, Texas
Selected population and housing characteristics include characteristics of population by census tracts; age, marital status, and economic characteristics by sex and by census tracts; characteristics of dwelling units by census tracts; characteristics of the nonwhite population; characteristics of the white population with Spanish surname.

Block Statistics, Austin, Texas
Data based on the 17th Census.

Nonfarm Housing Characteristics. Austin, Texas Standard Metropolitan Area
Covers housing and housing characteristics listing analytic data on tenure, type of structure, condition, type of household, rooms, income, rent, and value.

U.S. Censuses of Population and Housing, 1960. Census Tracts. Austin, Texas Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
Tables illustrate population and housing characteristics, discuss comparability of 1960 and 1950 data, and discuss sample design and validity.

United States Census of Housing 1960: Metropolitan Housing, Austin, Texas, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan housing covers tenure, rooms, condition and plumbing, household composition, rent, value, and income.

United States Census of Housing 1960: City Blocks, Austin, Texas. Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
This bulletin provides characteristics of housing units by blocks within census tracts.

County and City Data Book, 1967: A Statistical Abstract Supplement


1970 - 1990

1970 Census of Population and Housing: Census Tracts
Statistics by census tract on the characteristics of the population and housing units. Provides a helpful census tract comparison between the 1960 and 1970 decennial censuses.

1970 Census of Housing: Block Statistics
Presents statistics from 1970 Census by blocks, on general characteristics of housing units and population. Contains a facsimile questionnaire and 11 Austin, Texas, urbanized area maps.

Data from the 1970 Census for Your City, Austin, Texas: A Computer Profile
A report on the Central City of the Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area based on a sample of the population used in the 1970 decennial census.

1970 Census of Housing: Metropolitan Housing Characteristics
Cross-tabulations of housing and household characteristics from the 1970 Census.

Census of Housing and Population for Austin and Travis County, Texas, by 1970 Enumeration Districts
Enumeration District data for Travis County for 300 districts in the Austin Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area which has boundaries that coincide with those of Travis County. These boundaries do not coincide with those used in the 1960 Census.

Austin Attitudes Toward Growth: Urban Land Use Seminar
This volume contains analysis of demographic changes of Austin Census Tracts 1950-1970 and population projections for Travis County 1975 through 2000, as well as other papers that present findings of the year-long study at the 1972 Land Use Seminar.

Austin and Its Future: The Challenge of Growth
This 1972 report conveys that the best gauge for Austin's future growth is the State Population Projections from the U. S. Census Bureau.

1976 Travis County Test Census Results: Preliminary Results
Release of preliminary data from the special censuses of April 20, 1976.

Census Tract Information for Austin and Travis County
Population and Dwelling Units by Census Tract for the City of Austin. This item appears to be produced by the City of Austin in 1976 using some data from the Southwest Research Institute and some data from the 1970 Census of Population.

1976 Census of Travis County, Texas, April 20, 1976
Special censuses that counted 373,275 for Travis County, a population increase of 26.3% over the earlier decennial census of April 1, 1970. Summary data covers Austin, Lakeway, Manor, Pflugerville, Rollingwood, San Leanna, Sunset Valley, and West Lake Hills.

Followup 1 Enumerator Manual
Travis County was one of several pretest sites for the 1980 decennial census. This is the manual for employees explaining how to enumerate occupied households from which no mail return questionnaire was received.

Special Place Enumerator's Manual
Manual for employees of the Census Bureau used during the 1976 Census of Travis County conducted in preparation for the 1980 decennial census.

1980 Census of Population and Housing Microform: Block Statistics, Austin, Texas, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
Microfilm.

Census of Population and Housing, 1980 - EEO Special File
Microfiche.

Census of Population and Housing, 1980-Summary Tape File 1A
Microfiche.

Census of Population and Housing, 1980-Summary Tape File 3A
Microfiche.

Questionnaire Reference Book 1976 Census of Travis County, Texas
Appendices cover frequently asked questions and suggested answers for use by Census Bureau enumerators.

1980 Census of Population and Housing: Metropolitan Housing Characteristics
Covers housing characteristics in great detail including value of housing stock, income and poverty status, structure descriptions, and prices asked and rent asked.

Public School District Census Data, 1980
Prepared for the U. S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics by the Bureau of the Census. Covers Austin Independent School District and all other school districts in the Travis, Williamson, and Hays County areas.

1980 Population and Housing Profile
Twenty-nine data tables with counts for Travis County ranging from total population to detailed housing tables.

1980 Census of Population and Housing: Texas, Final Population and Housing Unit Counts
Reports data for the entire state of Texas.

Regional Atlas and Data Book. 1980
Microfiche.

Regional Atlas and Data Book. 1982
Volume I: Characteristics by County, Place, and Census County Division.
Volume II: Characteristics by County, Enumeration District, and Tract. Covers Hays, Travis and Williamson Counties.
Volume III: Sample based on population and housing characteristics by State, County, and SMSA for Bastrop, Blanco, Burnet, Caldwell, Fayette, Hays, Lee, Llano, Travis, and Williamson Counties.

City of Austin 1980 Census Reports 1-11
Prepared and published as newsletters from 1981 to 1984 by the City of Austin Planning Department. These reports contain selected data items from the 1980 Census. Some explanations and interpretations of data and some comparisons of data from censuses of earlier years are presented.

1980 Census of Population and Housing, Volume 2: Census Tracts. Austin, Texas, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
This volume explains changes made from the 1970 Census and how to make comparisons using data from the 1970 and 1980 censuses. Covers the general characteristics of persons, race and Spanish origin, social and labor force characteristics, occupation and income, and housing characteristics.

A Demographic Atlas of Austin
Maps portray information obtained from the Census of Population and Housing, Summary Tape File 1 and 3, aggregating 20 variables from census block levels into larger Transportation Serial Zones.

1990 Census of Population and Housing: Population and Housing Characteristics for Census Tracts and Block Numbering Areas, Austin, Texas, Metropolitan Statistical Area, Maps
Twenty-five maps illustrating Census Track and Block Level data for the 1990 Census.

City of Austin 1990 Census Reports 1-8
These volumes illustrate changes between the 1980 and 1990 decennial censuses for categories that are frequently requested. Maps illustrating census tracts are provided in each volume.

Census '90 Public Law 94-171 Profiles of Counties and Places in the Capital State Planning Region
Produced by the Capital Area Planning Council in cooperation with the Texas State Date Center, these tables illustrate the data used for redistricting in Texas based on the 1990 Census data.

PCensus-USA
Tetrad Computer Applications, Ltd. software program that allows printing of customized reports for Austin and for Travis County data and provides forecast projections. 1987-present.

Immigrants by Country of Birth admitted to Austin-San Marcos Metropolitan Statistical Area
Includes Immigrants by Country of Birth Admitted to the Austin-San Marcos Metropolitan Statistical Area for the years 1990-1996 and also includes data about languages.

DIALOG File 581: Population Demographics 1995 Market Statistics Travis County
Prepared on request to illustrate data provided by this service and providing a snapshot of data for 1995 estimates and 2000 projections based on actual 1990 Census data.

1997 - 2000

United States. Bureau of the Census. ECON97Z Report Series 1997 Economic Census.
Issued October 2001.
Includes employment and sales size data for the entire country.

United States. Bureau of the Census. County Business Patterns, 1999 and 2000.
Issued July 2002.
County Business Patterns provides data on the total number of establishments, employment, payroll, and number of establishments by nine employment-size classes by detailed industry for all counties in the United States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. This series uses the 1997 NAICS for tabulation of data.

United States. Bureau of the Census. Zip Code Business Patterns, 1999.
Issued November 2001.
ZIP Code Business Patterns presents data on the total number of establishments, employment and payroll for more than 40,000 ZIP Code areas nationwide. In addition, the number of establishments for nine employment-size categories is provided by detailed industry for each ZIP Code.

Most ZIP Codes are derived from the physical location address reported in Census Bureau programs. The Internal Revenue Service provides supplemental address information. Those employers without a fixed location or with an unknown ZIP Code are included under an "Unclassified" category indicated by ZIP Code 99999.

United States. Bureau of the Census. Census Tract Comparability File, 1980-1990.
Covers all census tracts in the United States and Puerto Rico that changed between the 1980 and 1990 Census. Contains record layout files, glossary of terms, development of the TIGER/Census Tract Comparability File, and Abstract for the work. All is derived from the TIGER data base.